Home

Deictic center

The deictic center We have already seen that many utterances are only understandable if one knows the external circumstances or rather the deictic center of the speaker of the utterance. '1) First read the following extract from Shakespeare´s Merchant of Venice , Act IV, Scene 1 and afterwards watch the appending film scene The deictic centers of place are divided into high and low deictic centers. Also, the deictic centers of time are divided into beginning and end deictic centers. The person deictic center is divided into good and bad deictic centers. Using Levinson's ideas and divisions about deictic center can be presented in this sense Deictic projection: In some contexts, spatial deixis is used metaphorically rather than physically, i.e. the speaker is not speaking as the deictic center. For example: I am coming home now. The above utterance would generally denote the speaker's going home from their own point of reference, yet it appears to be perfectly normal for one to project his physical presence to his home rather than.

1. The deictic center - ELL

We examine the deictic center in the light of our investigations from the viewpoints of linguistics, cognitive psychology, individual differences (language pathology), literary theory of narrative, and artificial intelligence. This paper discusses the theoretical background and some of the results of an interdisciplinary, cognitive-science research project on the comprehension of narrative. DEICTIC CENTERS AND THE COGNITIVE STRUCTURE OF NARRATIVE COMPREHENSION William J. Rapaport, Erwin M. Segal, Stuart C. Shapiro, David A. Zubin, Gail A. Bruder, Judith F. Duchan, Michael J. Almeida, Joyce H. Daniels, Mary Galbraith, Janyce M. Wiebe, and Albert Hanyong Yuhan Center for Cognitive Science State University of New York at Buffalo Buffalo, NY 14260 ABSTRACT This paper discusses the.

File:Deixis

Complex Deictic Centers, Projections and Context Deictic

Title: The Deictic Center: A Theory of Deixis in Narrative. Publication Type: NarrBib base type: Year of Publication: 1995: Authors: Zubin, D.A., and L. E. Hewitt. So, the deictic center in this case is the zoo & we move towards the deictic center (ie the zoo). It feels like it is very arbitrary. Note: See this link, it said the selection of deictic center could be due to sympathy & politeness. word-choice grammar word-usage deixis. share | improve this question | follow | | | | edited Jul 23 '16 at 14:35. tchrist ♦ 118k 34 34 gold badges 318.

Deixis - Wikipedi

[PDF] Deictic Centers AND THE COGNITIVE STRUCTURE OF

Shifting Deictic Centers in the Hualapai Demonstrative System . By Mary Howe. Abstract. The Hualapai demonstrative system is an interesting example of the way speakers of different languages use language to orient themselves in space. Various analyses of this complex six-morpheme system have been suggested. This paper proposes a division of the system into a set of proximals and a set of. We examine the deictic center in the light of our investigations from the viewpoints of linguistics, cognitive psychology, individual differences (language pathology), literary theory of narrative, and artificial intelligence. Although our formal research project has ended, much of the current research of the individual members continues and. Deictic center shifts in literary translation: the Spanish translation of Nooteboom's Het Volgende Verhaal. Meta54/4: 770-79 deictic center. deictic center Essay Examples. Top Tag's. success religions imperialism lyrics academic interest and career goals what is a hero observation personal experience community service discrimination short story national honors society julius caesar abortion arguments online. Words. to. Search Pages. to. Search Categories . Anthropology (3225) Anthropology of Cities (9.

DEICTIC CENTER 6. The examples of non-deictic expression • I went to this city one time • I broke this finger. • I love this city. In these examples, there is a non deictic use of this which does not reference anything specific. Rather, it is used as an indefinite article. If we use the in place of this, it will be deictic . In deictic expressions, immediate context or. Deictic center. A deictic center, sometimes referred to as an origo, is a set of theoretical points that a deictic expression is 'anchored' to, such that the evaluation of the meaning of the expression leads one to the relevant point. As deictic expressions are frequently egocentric, the center often consists of the speaker at the time and place of the utterance, and additionally, the. deictic centre Essay Examples. Top Tag's. abortion arguments rutgers suicide personal statement nature night online concept othello sociology frankenstein terrorism integrity interview classification. Words. to. Search Pages. to. Search Categories . Anthropology (3225) Anthropology of Cities (9) Anthropology of Religion (52) Applied Anthropology (56) Archaeology (152) Cultural Anthropology. dict.cc | Übersetzungen für 'deictic' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen,.

The book argues for an organized representational system -- a Deictic Center (DC) -- which is constructed by readers from language in a text combined with their world knowledge. As readers approach a new text they need to gather and maintain information about who the participants are and where and when the events take place. This information plays a central role in understanding the narrative. A deictic center, sometimes referred to as an origo, is a set of theoretical points that a deictic expression is 'anchored' to, such that the evaluation of the meaning of the expression leads one to the relevant point. As deictic expressions are frequently egocentric, the center often consists of the speaker at the time and place of the utterance and, additionally, the place in the discourse. Deictic definition is - showing or pointing out directly. How to use deictic in a sentence Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit deictic - Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen

deictic definition: 1. relating to a word or phrase whose meaning depends on who is talking, who they are talking to. Learn more The next video is starting stop. Loading... Watch Queu

So, the deictic center in this case is the zoo & we move towards the deictic center (ie the zoo). It feels like it is very arbitrary. Note: See this link, it said the selection of deictic center could be due to sympathy & politeness. word-choice grammar word-usage deixi ; Deixis - Wikipedi . The deictic centre is the place, time or person from which everything else is relative ; The unifying. 1 ways to abbreviate Deictic Center. How to abbreviate Deictic Center? Get the most popular abbreviation for Deictic Center updated in 202

The Deictic Center: A Theory of Deixis in Narrative

In this post, I will focus on the last point, what I call shifting your deictic center simply because it presents as a language puzzle, which we as sociolinguists are well equipped to tackle. I will give you a sense for our course by showing your what it means like to look at the job search through a linguistic lens. So first of all, what do I mean by shifting your deictic center. The deictic center or also called origo for time deixis is now, the meaning of now is the span of time including the moment of utterance (Levinson, 2004: 114). Furthermore, it is being counted either backwards or forward from the coding time in calendrical units. Those expressions are for example, yesterday or the day before if you count backwards and tomorrow or. [B-Greek] Deictic Center Eddie Mishoe edmishoe at yahoo.com Thu Sep 13 09:42:01 EDT 2007. Previous message: [B-Greek] Deictic Center Next message: [B-Greek] Other Reading Messages sorted by: Delbert: I believe you are close to understanding the deictic center. At least I understand it as you've defined it. As I understand it, once the deictic center is estblished (and it is established by how.

word choice - How to identify deictic center for

  1. Deictic center shift must be really hard to understand in English linguistic mentality, but it is ubiquitous in Old Russian which otherwise draws heavily from Hebrew. Weqatal in commands directly parallels its Russian use which can be approximated with English, Have it done! Russian, especially the milspeak, uses past tense for commands to this day, apparently in order to emphasize that the.
  2. Here and there are two pure place deictic words in contemporary English: 12. This article discusses the deictic egocentricity the projection of deictic center and some exceptions to egocentricity: 13. The most typical and complicated deictic words in modern Chinese are demonstrative pronouns this and that: 14
  3. transposed deictic center). For example, the English demonstratives this and that have been described as proximal (closer to the speaker) and distal (farther from the speaker
  4. Now, deictic expressions (here, tomorrow, he, that) occur in all known human languages. They are usually used to identify objects in the immediate context in which they are pronounced, by pointing them to direct attention towards them. Example of deixis of place. Source: commons.wikimedia.org . The object stands out as a focus. Then, a successful act of deictic reference is one in which the.
  5. ation of whose referent is dependent on the context in which it is said or written. In the sentence I want him to come here now, the words I, here, him, and now are deictic because the deter

Deictic is a related term of deixis. As nouns the difference between deictic and deixis is that deictic is (grammar) such a word (such as i or here) while deixis is (linguistics) a reference within a sentence that relies on the context being known to interpret correctly. As an adjective deictic is (grammar) of or pertaining to deixis; to a word whose meaning is dependent on context The Concept of Deictic Center PAGES 7. WORDS 3,419. View Full Essay. About this essay More essays like this: person deixis, spatial deixis, temporal deixis, deictic centre. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. Exactly what I needed. - Jenna Kraig, student @ UCLA . Wow. Most helpful essay resource ever! - Chris Stochs, student @ UC Berkeley. Where is the Deictic Center?: 'Come' and 'Go' in Chinese Motion Construction. Presented at Discover URECA @ NTU poster exhibition and competition, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. Abstract: This study is concerned with distributional difference of the deictic verbs in Mainland China Mandarin Chinese (MC) and Singapore Mandarin Chinese (SC). MC only allows U(Vmanner) + Vpath.

ONE deictic center (DC) in a sentence or discourse section. Perhaps, the writers contextually developed a sub DC, and then made a statement using that sub DC as a reference point. In other words, is it necessary to have ONE, MAIN, FIXED DC per discourse section, or even in a sentence? So, I guess I am thinking that writers can develop multiple deictic centers within ONE discourse section or. Shifting your deictic center. When I tell people that I am a sociolinguist, the first response is often, What can you do with that!? And as Director of the MA program in Language and Communication (MLC) here in the department of Linguistics at Georgetown, I teach a course called the MLC Professionalization seminar to help students answer precisely that A deictic center can be defined as the point of reference for a particular phrase or word to be interpreted correctly by the participants of the conversation. In other words, the change of the deictic center may alter the entire meaning of the message. For instance, a message as simple as Don't go there can be interpreted in a countless number of ways depending on who the speaker is. Deictic center Central person (speaker) Central time (time when speaker speak) Central place (speaker's location) Discourse center (point of speaker is currently at) Social center (speaker's social status and rank) 20. Different usage of deictic terms Deictic usage Gestural can only be interpreted with the reference to an audio-visual-tactile, and in general a physical, monitoring of the. SIL Internationa

en.wikipedia.or

There is a functional overlap between motion towards the deictic center and (di-)transitive events directed at speech act participants. Grammatical evidence for this comes from verbal morphemes that are used in motional clauses like 'come to me!' an deictic center, or zero-point has been associated with the current speaker. Theorigo canmetaphorically beunderstoodas theviewpointfrom whichthe speaker relates to the dimensions of person, time, and place (Lyons 1977: 638) and which is defined as NOW in time, HERE in place and FIRST SINGU-LAR in person (Mindt 2000: 16; see also Bühler 1990 [1934]: 117). Deictic. Deictic definition, proving directly. See more. Grammar. specifying identity or spatial or temporal location from the perspective of one or more of the participants in an act of speech or writing, in the context of either an external situation or the surrounding discourse, as we, you, here, there, now, then, this, that, the former, or the latter

Deixis and Distance - GRI

  1. There is a functional overlap between motion towards the deictic center and (di-)transitive events directed at speech act participants. Grammatical evidence for this comes from verbal morphemes that are used in motional clauses like 'come to me!' and ditransitive clauses like 'give (it) to me!' While the literature suggests that such syncretic markers develop through extension from a.
  2. Whose deictic center?:... My Searches (0) My Cart Added To Cart Check Out. Menu. Subjects. Architecture and Design; Arts; Asian and Pacific Studies; Business and Economics; Chemistry; Classical and Ancient Near Eastern Studies; Computer Sciences; Cultural Studies; Engineering; General Interest; Geosciences; History ; Industrial Chemistry; Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies; Jewish Studies; Law.
  3. Wharf; From Volume CLXX, Number 1, of Speculative Grammarian, May 2014 —..
  4. e whether children with autism produce and comprehend deictic (person-centred) expressions such as 'this'/'that', 'here'/'there' and 'come'/'go', and whether they understand atypical non-verbal gestural deixis in the form of directed head-nods to indicate location. In Study 1, most participants spontaneously produced deictic.
Lecture 2

Furthermore, deictic motion verbs are claimed to be lexically specified for the entailment of arrival only if they express the Path eventually directed to the deictic center. The arrival-time and departure-time interpretations of cooccurring point-of-time expressions are shown to coincide with the entailment of arrival, or the lack thereof. imal to the deictic center from those which are distant, e.g., English here and this versus there and that (Anderson & Keenan 1985: 281; Hyslop 1993; Dies-sel 1999: 36, 2005, 2006a; Dixon 2003: 86). However, recent work on the semantic and discourse-pragmatic properties of demonstrative distinctions in individual languages frequently presents chal- lenges to the idea that space plays a. they differ in that deictic time is always anchored to a deictic center (e.g., the present), while sequence time does not rely on this deictic center (i.e., there is not necessarily a past or future in sequence time). Both deictic and sequence time are spatialized in systematic ways in speech, gesture, and thought, as documented in a variety of data from linguistics (e.g., Traugott, 1978. Essentially, deictic expressions help form the layers of narrative that direct the audience to either the narratorial discourse or to the story world. Deixis (adjectival form, deictic) is a psycholinguistic term for those aspects of meaning associated with self-world orientation. Deixis is an integral component of the lens by which the audience perceives the narrative. Maps Deictic Field and.

What is Deictic Reference? Definition of Deictic Reference: the use of gestures or other means of pointing to specify an ambiguous utterance, for instance pointing at a place in a map and saying here. × To Support Customers in Easily and Affordably Obtaining the Latest Peer-Reviewed Research, Receive a 20% Discount on ALL Publications and Free Worldwide Shipping on Orders Over US$ 295. Noting that all of the three domains (1)-(3), can be shown to be indexically organized and anchored onto the deictic center of communicative event, that is, on sociocultural, social-indexical interaction, I shall focus on articulating the deictically centered indexical organization of linguistic structure, or grammar. In so doing, I shall argue that not only social-indexical pragmatics, but. The Deictic Center: A Theory of Deixis in Narrative (1995) by David A Zubin, Lynne E Hewitt Add To MetaCart. Tools. Sorted by: Results 1 - 4 of 4. A Computational Theory of Vocabulary Expansion by Karen Ehrlich, William J. Rapaport - Proceedings.

Deictic expressions - definitions, categories and types of uses Deictic expressions represent a key connection between the time frame, space, and people involved. The word deictic has its roots in the Greek word deiknynai, meaning to show. A related word, deixis, is used in pragmatics and linguistics and it refers to a process whereby either words or expressions are seen to. concentrating on third person deictic markers.1 Deictic Center Theory maintains that the events of narrative are subjectively interpreted and metaphorically viewed with the assistance of linguistic marking in a way that is analogous with the use of deixis in real world interaction. Deixis is a contextually influenced phenomenon that creates references that are determined by a. Deictic Centers & the Cognitive Structure of Narrative Comprehension Gail A. Bruder, Judith F. Duchan, David M. Mark, William J. Rapaport, Erwin M. Segal, Stuart C. Shapiro, Leonard Talmy, David A. Zubin, et al. Center for Cognitive Science [email protected] Interdisciplinary Cognitive-Science Research Project (~1982 - ~1995) • AI • cognitive psychology • education • geography.

Patrick GOETHALS | Ghent University, Gent | UGhent

speaker = deictic center (space/time) - distal terms: can indicate near listener or away from speaker and listener, cf. Japanese reflected in: demonstratives 3.3 Types of deictic reference 3.3.1 Person deixis: in conversations constant shift of I/you (in L1 acquisition: phase of confusion) → many languages include social status (higher vs. lower) → indication of higher status: honorifics. directed to the deictic center. A formal analysis is given based upon the HPSG framework in order to identify the elements of a Motion event contributed by each element of a verb phrase, and to determine the compositional fashion in which they are combined to give the interpretation of the verb phrase as a whole. 1 Introduction This paper examines typical deictic motion verbs come and go in. ConceptNet 5 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.If you use it in research, please cite this AAAI paper. See Copying and Sharing ConceptNet for more details.Copying and Sharing ConceptNet for more details

Deixis - Deictic CenterA deictic center, sometimes referred to as an origo, is a set of theoretical points that a deictic expression is 'anchored' to, such that the evaluation of As deictic expressions are frequently egocentric, the center often consists of the speaker at the time and place of the utterance, and additionally, the place in the discourse and relevant social factors. Since deictic projection involves the shift of deictic centers, in the process the speaker constantly establishes mental spaces besides reality space, and then through selective cross-mappings to shift the deictic center from speaker's reality space to that of the addressee or other participants in speech event. Therefore,the working mechanism of conceptual blending can be applied to meaning.

Deictic Center Shifts in Literary Translation: the Spanish Translation of Nooteboom's Het Volgende Verhaal. Un article de la revue Meta (Volume 54, numéro 4, décembre 2009, p. 643-890) diffusée par la plateforme Érudit 37 sentence examples: 1. There are no special deictic terms or elements to be found in lyric poetry. 2. These two kinds of deictic usage contrast with the non-deictic usage of the same words or morphemes. 3. The other kinds of socially deictic infor Welcome to e-content platform of John Benjamins Publishing Company. Here you can find all of our electronic books and journals, for purchase and download or subscriber access

methodische Synthese von ,Deictic Shift Theory , theoretischen Aspekten der ,Metal-epse und Kuhns filmnarratologischen Analysemodell bilden. Dabei wird die ,Deictic Shift Theory auf der textuellen Ebene und so weit wie möglich auch auf der visuellen Ebene eingesetzt, um die Strategien der ,Transportation herauszufiltern. Zudem soll da Judith DUCHAN, Professor Emeritus of University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, NY (SUNY Buffalo) | Read 96 publications | Contact Judith DUCHA A deictic center is a reference point in relation to which a deictic expression is to be interpreted. Discussion: The deictic center is most typically the present time, location, participant role, and so forth of the speaker. Examples (English) In the following example, the speaker, the actual location and the actual time of the utterance are, respectively, the deictic centers for the.

This study is concerned with distributional difference of the deictic verbs in Mainland China Mandarin Chinese (MC) and Singapore Mandarin Chinese (SC). MC only allows U(Vmanner) + Vpath + Location + Vdeictic lal/qu 'come/go', whereas SC permits other word order. This study aims to investigate the difference and find the possible constraints involved in such constructions in SC. [Peer. The shifting of the deictic center proves to be, in this case, the main textual operator of distancing lyrical perspective and the articulation of the poetic vision of death as progressive depersonalisation, as a dissolution of individual identity. The poem Sight follows the same pattern, in which the deictic variation is merged with a game of gazes, marked in the text through a succession of. Jobseekers: Shifting your deictic center. Posted on January 17, 2012 by Anna Trester. One important aspect to pay attention to in achieving the working mindset are the timescales of your thinking. Student life is lived in future tense on several timescales. There is the immediate future (what assignments and readings are due this week?) and then there is a slightly larger scale (what classes.

Presentation of deixis

whose center point is the 'here and now' of the speaker's verbal and non-verbal activity. Deixis under this view involves the use of the speech situation (the (deictic) ground, in Hanks' 1992 terminology) to profile a figure (a new referent or a new conception of an existing referent within the discourse registry) 'In acts of deictic reference, speakers integrate schematic with local knowledge.' 'Action signs, like vocal signs also take part in deictic (space/time) reference, indexicality and performativity. The two deictic motion verbs of each language are opposite in meaning. Basically, the former venitive verbs kuru and maa mean 'to come; to move toward the speaker's reference point (viz. the deictic center in the speech situation, which is typically the location of the speaker at the coding time)', whil What is meaning of competing deictic centers? Asked by Wiki User. Be the first to answer! 0 0 1. Answer. Who doesn't love being #1? Be the first to answer this question. Register to get answer. Deictic constructions construct the speaker as the deictic center. Anaphora and Cataphora. Anaphora, along with cataphora and other devices, belong to the so-called Patterns of reduction. In other words they allow you to say less, but still keep sense in your utterances. Anaphora = reference backward ; Cataphora = reference forward ; Anaphora is a lower expenditure of cognitive effort for.

Help Center Detailed answers to any questions you might have Deictic pronouns refer to entities that must be identified according to the context of utterance. For instance, in the sentence I will give you an answer about deictic pronouns, the deictic pronouns I and you refer to the speaker and the addressee, respectively. Of course, there could be different referents in each context of. Complex Deictic Centers, Projections and Context Deictic Centers in Al-Araff Verse. Authors: Bushra W. Ali Abstract: The study examines the deixis in the Al-Araff verse selected from the Holy Quran, especially the complex as a new type of deixis. The content analysis of deixis is time, place, person deictic centers, context, and deictic projections. The results show that we can guess a new. Deixis - Deictic CenterA deictic center, sometimes referred to as an origo, is a set of theoretical points that a deictic expression is 'anchored' to, such that the evaluation of the meaning of the expression As deictic expressions are frequently egocentric, the center often consists of the speaker at the time and place of the utterance, and additionally, the place in the. However, deictic relations, which form our sense of self, or our identity, don't seem to have a physical basis. According to ACBS, frames that depend on perspective cannot be traced to formal dimensions in the environment at all; instead, the relationship between the individual and other events serves as the constant variable upon which these frames are based. This aligns with the.

deictic center- and an object-like temporal argument -the situation time.Here, anaphoric tense means that its (subject-Like) external argument is linked to the (object-Ue) internal argument of a higher tense yielding a pattern of coreference reminiscent of the coreferential relationship between nominals and their anaphon The Man Who Left His Deictic Center in San Francisco by Edward Tapir and Benjamin Wharf Department of Ungulate and Shipping Studies University of Massachusetts Amherst. One of our esteemed colleagues has attended numerous semantics conferences around the world, from the sad streets of Paris to gloomy Rome and even lonely Manhattan.A recent conference at the University of California, San. Deictic Center Shifts in Literary Translation: the Spanish Translation of Nooteboom's Het Volgende Verhaal. Autores: Patrick Goethals, July de Wilde Localización: Meta: Journal des traducteurs = translators' journal, ISSN 0026-0452, Vol. 54, Nº. 4, 2009, págs. 770-794 Idioma: inglés Enlaces. Texto completo (pdf)Resumen. In this article, we explore the phenomenon of deictic center shifts in. In this article, we explore the phenomenon of deictic center shifts in literary translation, concentrating on the Spanish translation (La historia siguiente, 1992) of the Dutch novel Het volgende verhaal (1991 [The Following Story, 1993]). The empirical description focuses on lexical spatiotemporal markers and verbal tenses. We compare the source text and the target text in order to identify.

SDSU Children's Literature: Dr

center.I find that the deictic center in Koine Greek is the location of the speaker, or alternatively that of the addressee, in non-narrative speech, and the location of the character(s) or place(s) of focus in both embedded and non-embedded narrative.-4-Acknowledgements I would like to thank everyone from my LING 490 class, including my fellow senior Linguistics majors for all the food and. The other distinctions may be due to a deictic center which shifts from the speaker to other reference points. In addition, some evidence is offered to indicate that there is a medial in the system which is changing to a hearer-centered distal. dc.format.extent: 4716532 bytes: dc.format.mimetype: application/pdf: dc.language.iso: en_US : dc.publisher: University of Kansas. Linguistics Graduate. A deictic center is the point in space and time that spatial and temporal deictic expressions refer to. Here and now are the simplest examples. The verbs to come and to to go are also spatial deictic expressions: to come means motion towards the deictic center, and to go means motion away. Based on this analysis, the phrase come here seems redundant at.

  • Calliope ipad.
  • Stipendium icms.
  • Waffe einschießen fleck.
  • Debra milke stern tv.
  • Manipulation durch augenkontakt.
  • Umarex intranet.
  • Skype for business chat bot.
  • Weinmesse pforzheim.
  • Dsa bregelsaum.
  • Die besten spieleentwickler firmen.
  • Pop rock radio.
  • Ringen olympia 2012.
  • Tawa zigaretten herkunft.
  • Binäre uhr lesen.
  • Denon avr x2300w dynamic volume.
  • Je vole interpretation.
  • Waschmaschine mit chlor reinigen.
  • Fh frankfurt.
  • Psychose wie lange klinik.
  • Merkblatt für patentanmelder.
  • Sims sätze.
  • On the contrary.
  • Bmw motorrad rahmennummer.
  • Deutschland und die rechten.
  • Amsterdam master media.
  • Rundreisen ab wien 2020.
  • Hmrc bank account.
  • Flughafen dortmund luftsicherheitsassistent.
  • Family office hannover.
  • Zenbot.
  • Sie hat kein interesse.
  • Progressive muskelentspannung augen.
  • Deubner verlag homepage.
  • Eeg gesetz.
  • Forderungsmanagement usa.
  • Marvel greg.
  • Squashschläger test 2019.
  • Sprechtraining offenbach.
  • Lsf portal.
  • Bundeswehr feldmütze oliv.
  • Prequel duden.